Jacob and Esau are reconciled - Jan van den Hoecke

When Esau and his brother Jacob found scarce opportunities in their region, Esau took everything he acquired in Canaan and moved to Seir. These are the tribal chiefs among Esau’s descendants (along with relevant notes from other references in the Bible).

imageEsau and Adah (daughter of Elon the Hittite)

  • Eliphaz (Esau’s firstborn) – name means “my god is gold”, one of Job’s oldest friends. His children were:
    • Teman – name means “on the right” or “south”, also the name of a town in Edom – location currently unknown but possibly Ma’an in Jordan, father of the Temanites.
    • Omar – name means “eloquent” or possibly “speak”.
    • Zepho – name possibly means “gaze”, referred to as Zephe and Zephon.
    • Gatam – little known about Gatam.
    • Kanaz – name means “hunting”, an Edomite chief, possibly the ancestor of the Kenezites, Pseudo-Philo says he was the first judge of Israel after Joshua.
    • Amalek (with concubine Timna) – father of the Amalekites who became one of Israel’s most prominent foes, Samuel commanded Saul to destroy them, David fought them in Ziklag, Simeon attacked “the remnant of the Amalekites that had escaped”.

Esau and Oholibamah (daughter of Anah, granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite)

  • Jeush – name means “he will come to help”, a Edomite chief, possibly also spelled Jeish.
  • Jalam – name manes “to conceal”, a Edomite chief.
  • Korah – name possibly means “baldness”, an Edomite chief, later we see the Korashites as one of the major Temple singers, gatekeepers, and bakers, also spelled Korach, Core, and Korak.

Esau and Basemath (daughter of Ishmael (Abraham and Hagar’s first son), sister of Nebaioth

  • Reuel – name means “friend of God”, possibly a Midaian priest, possibly the father or grandfather of Zipporah (Moses’s wife). His children were:
    • Nahath – name means (“descent”, “rest”, or “quietness”, an Edomite chief.
    • Zerah – name means “sunrise”, possibly father of an early Edomite king Johab.
    • Shammah – name possibly means “frightful” or “astonishing”.
    • Mizzah – name means “from this” or “light ray”, an Edomite chief.

Family line of Seir the Horite

Mt. Hor as seen from the cliffs near Petra (1849)This is the family line of Seir the Horite, the natives in the territory of Edom called Seir. These indigenous people will ultimately be overtaken by Esau’s descendants.

  • Lotan
    • Hori – name means “cave dweller”, “lesser”, or “bleached”.
    • Homam – also called Heman, name possibly means “confusion”.
  • Shobal – name probably means “lion”.
    • Alvan – name means “high” or “tall”, also spelled Alian.
    • Manahath – name means “resting” or “settlement”, father of the Manahathites, also the name of a town likely located about three miles southwest of Jerusalem.
    • Ebal – also the name of a region in Joktanite.Shepho – also spelled Shephi.
    • Onam – name means “vigorous”.
  • Zibeon – name means “hyena”, established kinship between Horites and Edomites, inexplicably listed as a Hivite.
    • Aiah – name means “hawk” or sounds like the screech of a hawk.
    • Anah – discovered the “hot springs” in the desert while grazing his father’s donkeys. Anah’s children include:
      • Dishon – name means “antelope”
      • Oholibamah (daughter) – name means “tent of the high place”
  • Dishon
    • Hemdan – name means “pleasant”, “beauty”, or “charm”, possibly was also referred to as Hamran.
    • Eshban – name possibly means “thoughtful” or “intelligent”.
    • Ithran – name means “excellent”, “remnant”, or “abundance”.
    • Keran – also spelled “Cheran”.
  • Ezer
    • Zilhan – name may mean “afraid” or “foolish”.
    • Zaavan – name means “tremble” or “quake”.
    • Akan – also called Jaakan.
  • Dishan – name means “bison”, possibly also spelled “Dishon”.
    • Uz – name possibly means “replacement”, also the name of the homeland of Job.
    • Aran – name possibly means “ibex”.
  • Timna (daughter)

Kings in Edom (before any Israelite kings)

Desert camp with Mt. Seir in the distance (1849)The following are the kings in Edom before any Israelite king reigned.

  • Bela
  • Beor (son of Bela) – ruled over the city of Dinhabah.
  • Johab (son of Zerah from Bozrah).
  • Husham (from the land of the Temanites).
  • Hadad (son of Bedad who defeated Midian in Moab) – ruled over the city of Avith.
  • Samlah (from Masrekah).
  • Shaul (from Rehoboth on the river).
  • Baal-Hanaan (son of Akbor).
  • Hadad – ruled over Pau, married to Mehetabel (daughter of Matred the daughter of Me-Zahab).

Chiefs descended from Esau

These are the chiefs who descended from Esau, according to their clans and region.

  • Timna – possibly the same Teman listed above as the son of Eliphaz.
  • Alvah – also spelled Aliah, possibly the same “Alvan” listed above as son of Shobal.
  • Jetheth – may be an alternate spelling of Jether or Ithran (listed above as son of Dishon).
  • Oholibamah – possibly related to the tent shrine discovered in Timnah in Negeb.
  • Elah – name means “oak” or “mighty tree”, also the name of a valley that runs just north of Socah where David defeated Goliath.
  • Pinon – name means “darkness”, perhaps related to the city of Punon.
  • Kenaz
  • Teman
  • Mibzar – name means “fortification”, possibly associated with the city of Mabsara in northern Edom.
  • Magdiel – name means “choice gift of God”.
  • Iram – also the name of a site in southern Jordan known as er-Ram.

What the story means to us today

Esau spawns a nation of Israelite foes

Esau’s genealogy shows us he was successful and prosperous, spawning generations of Edomites and confirming what Rebekah foresaw – that Esau and his twin brother Jacob would spawn two nations. Although Israelites were forbidden to hate the Edomites, we will see Edomites become vicious foes of Israel, regularly attacking them through many years of violent wars. Edomites did not worship God and instead, chose Qaus (or Qos) as their principal deity. They will later be known as Idumaeans (by the Romans) and produce one of the Bible’s most notable foes – Herod the Great.

Additional thoughts and considerations

EsauWhen was the Esau’s genealogy recorded?

The genealogical list is qualified as the “rulers of Edom before any Israelite king reigned”. Possibly the genealogy was written after Edomite rulers reigned and before Saul became the first king of the Israelites but it is possible that the writer presupposed Israelite kings would one-day rule in the future (several verses promised kings would rule over the people). The theory is supported by the list itself. No date is given for the death of Hadar (Hadad), the last ruler in the list. This implies Hadad was still alive when the list was created. Later, in Chronicles, Hadad will be listed as a king that had died suggesting the list in Chronicles is an updated version of the one in Genesis.

How accurate is Esau’s genealogy?

It is unclear how Esau’s genealogy list was maintained but it was likely passed on orally through successive generations. Oral tradition, where knowledge, ideas and historical material is received, preserved and transmitted orally through speech or song, is much more precise than once presumed. In fact, we find that most genealogies in the Bible have proven accurate. However, there are instances where names overlap, spelling changes, and even a handful of instances where it is suspected a transcriber attempted to correct the spelling of a name.

The differing names of Esau’s wives

The names of Esau’s wives listed here differ from those named in Genesis 26:34 (Judith replaces Adah) and Genesis 28:9 (Mahalath replaces Basemath). It is unclear if these are variations of the wife’s name or a second name. We know it was common for women to have two names and it is possible their names changed when they moved from Canaan to settle in Seir. Regardless, all verses agree on the central point – that Esau married foreign Canaanite wives.

Oholibamah – wife of Esau

Esau’s wife Oholibamah is identified as a Hivite. However, her ancestors (Anah and Zibeon) appear in the genealogy of Seir the Horite. The difference between Hivite and Horite is questionable. Most believe the two refer to the same Canaanite people. In the original Hebrew language, the names differ by only a single letter and look very similar.

Did Esau move a second time?

The verses tell us Esau took wives and daughters and moved to Seir – some distance away from Jacob. Prior scripture detailed Esau’s move in detail. This does not mean the verses are implying Esau moved again. This chapter serves genealogical purposes and snippets of supplementary explanation such as this merely serve to place Esau in the correct geographical location before detailing his descendants.

Who are the Edomites today?

The question of modern-day Edomites (Idumaeans) heritage is common and rife with racist connotations.  The “two-nations” consecration is indeed a split in heritage, but most forget that stepping back a single generation prior, brings all together as ancestors of Isaac. Regardless, a quick pursuit for research on Edomite heritage will result in a plethora of fringe, racist sources attempting to classify Edomites as modern-day blacks, whites, Jews, Christians, etc.  Ignore these silly claims.  It’s impossible to determine or more accurately, categorize, modern-day descendants of Esau.

As an example, Jewish historian and rabbi Ari Lobel explains the most commonly accepted cultural stance:

“The World view of Esau has been passed down as a cultural inheritance throughout history from Edom, to the Roman Empire, to the Catholic Church, to Modern Europe and most recently to the United States and its ‘empire’ – in other words, Western Civilization as a whole.”

This commonly-accepted cultural stance is indeed true – but only to a point.  Tracing Edomite heritage to a single civilization is hopeless.  In biblical times, Edomites were slowly forced into an area around Hebron, which the Greeks called Idumean (home of Herod the Great), where they formed the group Greeks called Idumaeans.  At the same time, Amalekites, descendants from Esau’s grandson Amalek, are generally traced to Palestinian Arabs.  We know that Nebuchadnezzar took many Edomites of the Mount Seri region to Babylon where they were absorbed into the Iraq culture.  Non-biblical sources hint that Esau’s eldest grandson, Teman, migrated to Turkestan to become a part of the Ottoman Turks.  And the Jewish Talmud says Edomites settled early on in southern Italy.  In short, Edomites spread throughout the world and were absorbed into many different cultures.

Obadiah 1 quotes a message from God regarding Edom: “I will make you small among the nations”.

Obadiah goes on to say Edom will be utterly laid bare, completely plundered of everything and everyone.  This indeed seems to be the case.  Edomites have disappeared from pages of history, their blood mingled with the blood of blacks, whites, Jews, Christians, and Muslims to become a part of the hodgepodge of all human races.

Notes on Biblical translation

The “hot springs” in the desert

Anah (a common name) is differentiated by characterizing him as the one who “discovered the hot springs in the desert while grazing donkeys”. The translation of “springs” differs between the ancient Syriac (called the Peshitta) and Vulgate (Latin) translations. One translates the word as “water” while the other translates the word as “hot water”.

Bible Text

Edomite cave-dwellers in Petra in Ancient EdomNIV

This is the account of the family line of Esau (that is, Edom).

2 Esau took his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite—3 also Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These were the sons of Esau, who were born to him in Canaan.

6 Esau took his wives and sons and daughters and all the members of his household, as well as his livestock and all his other animals and all the goods he had acquired in Canaan, and moved to a land some distance from his brother Jacob. 7 Their possessions were too great for them to remain together; the land where they were staying could not support them both because of their livestock. 8 So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir.

9 This is the account of the family line of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir.

10 These are the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

11 The sons of Eliphaz:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz.

12 Esau’s son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna, who bore him Amalek. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.

13 The sons of Reuel:

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

14 The sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon, whom she bore to Esau:

Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

15 These were the chiefs among Esau’s descendants:

The sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau:

Chiefs Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, 16 Korah, Gatam and Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in Edom; they were grandsons of Adah.

17 The sons of Esau’s son Reuel:

Chiefs Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in Edom; they were grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

18 The sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah:

Chiefs Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah.

19 These were the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these were their chiefs.

20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, who were living in the region:

Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 21 Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These sons of Seir in Edom were Horite chiefs.

22 The sons of Lotan:

Hori and Homam. Timna was Lotan’s sister.

23 The sons of Shobal:

Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho and Onam.

24 The sons of Zibeon:

Aiah and Anah. This is the Anah who discovered the hot springs e in the desert while he was grazing the donkeys of his father Zibeon.

25 The children of Anah:

Dishon and Oholibamah daughter of Anah.

26 The sons of Dishon:

Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran and Keran.

27 The sons of Ezer:

Bilhan, Zaavan and Akan.

28 The sons of Dishan:

Uz and Aran.

29 These were the Horite chiefs:

Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 30 Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These were the Horite chiefs, according to their divisions, in the land of Seir.

31 These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reigned:

32 Bela son of Beor became king of Edom. His city was named Dinhabah.

33 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king.

34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king.

35 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, succeeded him as king. His city was named Avith.

36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him as king.

37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the river succeeded him as king.

38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Akbor succeeded him as king.

39 When Baal-Hanan son of Akbor died, Hadad succeeded him as king. His city was named Pau, and his wife’s name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

40 These were the chiefs descended from Esau, by name, according to their clans and regions:

Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 41 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 42 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 43 Magdiel and Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements in the land they occupied.

This is the family line of Esau, the father of the Edomites.

The New International Version. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011. Print.

The Message

This is the family tree of Esau, who is also called Edom.

2–3 Esau married women of Canaan: Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite; Oholibamah, daughter of Anah and the granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite; and Basemath, daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

4 Adah gave Esau Eliphaz;

Basemath had Reuel;

5 Oholibamah had Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

6–8 Esau gathered up his wives, sons and daughters, and everybody in his household, along with all his livestock—all the animals and possessions he had gotten in Canaan—and moved a considerable distance away from his brother Jacob. The brothers had too many possessions to live together in the same place; the land couldn’t support their combined herds of livestock. So Esau ended up settling in the hill country of Seir (Esau and Edom are the same).

9–10 So this is the family tree of Esau, ancestor of the people of Edom, in the hill country of Seir. The names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, son of Esau’s wife Adah;

Reuel, son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

11–12 The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. (Eliphaz also had a concubine Timna, who had Amalek.) These are the grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.

13 And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah—grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

14 These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah, daughter of Anah the son of Zibeon. She gave Esau his sons Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

15–16 These are the chieftains in Esau’s family tree. From the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn, came the chieftains Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, Korah, Gatam, and Amalek—the chieftains of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; all of them sons of Adah.

17 From the sons of Esau’s son Reuel came the chieftains Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the chieftains of Reuel in the land of Edom; all these were sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

18 These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: the chieftains Jeush, Jalam, and Korah—chieftains born of Esau’s wife Oholibamah, daughter of Anah.

19 These are the sons of Esau, that is, Edom, and these are their chieftains.

20–21 This is the family tree of Seir the Horite, who were native to that land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These are the chieftains of the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom.

22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; Lotan’s sister was Timna.

23 The sons of Shobal were Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.

24 The sons of Zibeon were Aiah and Anah—this is the same Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness while herding his father Zibeon’s donkeys.

25 The children of Anah were Dishon and his daughter Oholibamah.

26 The sons of Dishon were Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.

27 The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

28 The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

29–30 And these were the Horite chieftains: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan—the Horite chieftains clan by clan in the land of Seir.

31–39 And these are the kings who ruled in Edom before there was a king in Israel: Bela son of Beor was the king of Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah. When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah became the next king. When Jobab died, he was followed by Hushan from the land of the Temanites. When Hushan died, he was followed by Hadad son of Bedad; he was the king who defeated the Midianites in Moab; the name of his city was Avith. When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah became the next king. When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth-on-the-River became king. When Shaul died, he was followed by Baal-Hanan son of Acbor. When Baal-Hanan son of Acbor died, Hadad became king; the name of his city was Pau; his wife’s name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, daughter of Me-Zahab.

40–43 And these are the chieftains from the line of Esau, clan by clan, region by region: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel, and Iram—the chieftains of Edom as they occupied their various regions.

This accounts for the family tree of Esau, ancestor of all Edomites.

Peterson, Eugene H. The Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language. Colorado Springs, CO: NavPress, 2005. Print.

The NET Bible

36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom).

36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir.

36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.

36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons of Esau’s wife Adah.

36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.

36:15 These were the chiefs among the descendants of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.

36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.

36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants of Seir in the land of Edom.

36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; Lotan’s sister was Timna.

36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.

36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).

36:25 These were the children of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.

36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.

36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites:

36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.

36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.

36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.

36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.

36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River reigned in his place.

36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

36:39 When Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor died, Hadad reigned in his place; the name of his city was Pau. His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.

Biblical Studies Press. The NET Bible First Edition; Bible. English. NET Bible.; The NET Bible. Biblical Studies Press, 2006. Print.

King James Version

36 Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. 2 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; 3 And Bashemath Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebajoth. 4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemath bare Reuel; 5 And Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah: these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan. 6 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. 7 For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. 8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.

9 And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir: 10 These are the names of Esau’s sons; Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau. 11 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. 12 And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau’s son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sons of Adah Esau’s wife. 13 And these are the sons of Reuel; Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: these were the sons of Bashemath Esau’s wife. 14 And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’s wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. 15 These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, 16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah. 17 And these are the sons of Reuel Esau’s son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau’s wife. 18 And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau’s wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau’s wife. 19 These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes.

20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, 21 And Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land of Edom. 22 And the children of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan’s sister was Timna. 23 And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. 24 And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father. 25 And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. 26 And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. 27 The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Akan. 28 The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and Aran. 29 These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah, 30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.

31 And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel. 32 And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom: and the name of his city was Dinhabah. 33 And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. 34 And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of Temani reigned in his stead. 35 And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith. 36 And Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead. 37 And Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. 38 And Saul died, and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. 39 And Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. 40 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth, 41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, 42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.

The Holy Bible: King James Version. Electronic Edition of the 1900 Authorized Version. Bellingham, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 2009. Print.

Sources: NIV, The Message, The NET Bible, King James Version, NET Bible Notes, Faithlife Study Bible, The Apologetics Study Bible, The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary, The Bible Reader’s Companion, Matthew Henry’s Commentary, Holman Concise Bible Commentary, The Bible Exposition Commentary, The Teacher’s Bible Commentary, The Teacher’s Commentary, The Bible Guide, Word Studies in the New Testament, Holman Bible Handbook, Calvin Commentaries, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines, The New Manner and Customs of the Bible, Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary, The Lexham Bible Dictionary, Easton’s Bible Dictionary, Harper’s Bible Dictionary, Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, The Archaeological Encyclopedia, Biblical Archeology Review, The New Bible Dictionary, The Lexham Analytical Lexicon, Glossary of Morpho-Syntactic Database
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