Icon of the Seventy Apostles (Discliples)

The seventy disciples or seventy-two disciples were mentioned in the Gospel of Luke. According to Luke, Jesus appointed them and sent them out in pairs on a specific mission which is detailed in the text.  Luke says:

“And after these things, the Lord did appoint also other seventy, and sent them by twos before his face, to every city and place whither he himself was about to come, then said he unto them, `The harvest indeed is abundant, but the workmen few; beseech ye then the Lord of the harvest, that He may put forth workmen to His harvest.”

The names of the 70 disciples were not recorded in the biblical texts but other sources have listed their names.

The text of Pseudo-Hippolytus’s On the Seventy Apostles of Christ, written by Hippolytus, a disciple of Polycarp and Apostle John, was long thought to be lost.  In 1854, a copy was discovered at a monastery on Mt. Athos.  According to Hippolytus, the 70 disciples were:

  1. James the Lord’s brother, bishop of Jerusalem.
  2. Cleopas, bishop of Jerusalem.
  3. Matthias, who supplied the vacant place in the number of the twelve apostles.
  4. Thaddeus, who conveyed the epistle to Augarus.
  5. Ananias, who baptized Paul, and was bishop of Damascus.
  6. Stephen, the first martyr.
  7. Philip, who baptized the eunuch.
  8. Prochorus, bishop of Nicomedia, who also was the first that departed, 11 believing together with his daughters.
  9. Nicanor died when Stephen was martyred.
  10. Timon, bishop of Bostra.
  11. Parmenas, bishop of Soli.
  12. Nicolaus, bishop of Samaria.
  13. Barnabas, bishop of Milan.
  14. Mark the Evangelist, bishop of Alexandria.
  15. Luke the Evangelist.

    These two belonged to the seventy disciples who were scattered by the offence of the word which Christ spoke, “Except a man eat my flesh, and drink my blood, he is not worthy of me.” But the one being induced to return to the Lord by Peter’s instrumentality, and the other by Paul’s, they were honored to preach that Gospel on account of which they also suffered martyrdom, the one being burned, and the other being crucified on an olive tree.

  16. Silas, bishop of Corinth.
  17. Silvanus, bishop of Thessalonica.
  18. Crisces (Crescens), bishop of Carchedon in Gaul.
  19. Epænetus, bishop of Carthage.
  20. Andronicus, bishop of Pannonia.
  21. Amplias, bishop of Odyssus.
  22. Urban, bishop of Macedonia.
  23. Stachys, bishop of Byzantium.
  24. Barnabas, bishop of Heraclea
  25. Phygellus, bishop of Ephesus. He was of the party also of Simon.
  26. Hermogenes. He, too, was of the same mind with the former.
  27. Demas, who also became a priest of idols.
  28. Apelles, bishop of Smyrna.
  29. Aristobulus, bishop of Britain.
  30. Narcissus, bishop of Athens.
  31. Herodion, bishop of Tarsus.
  32. Agabus the prophet.
  33. Rufus, bishop of Thebes.
  34. Asyncritus, bishop of Hyrcania.
  35. Phlegon, bishop of Marathon.
  36. Hermes, bishop of Dalmatia.
  37. Patrobulus, bishop of Puteoli.
  38. Hermas, bishop of Philippi.
  39. Linus, bishop of Rome.
  40. Caius, bishop of Ephesus.
  41. Philologus, bishop of Sinope
  42. Olympus …
  43. and Rhodion were martyred in Rome.
  44. Lucius, bishop of Laodicea in Syria.
  45. Jason, bishop of Tarsus.
  46. Sosipater, bishop of Iconium
  47. Tertius, bishop of Iconium.
  48. Erastus, bishop of Panellas.
  49. Quartus, bishop of Berytus.
  50. Apollos, bishop of Cæsarea.
  51. Cephas.
  52. Sosthenes, bishop of Colophonia.
  53. Tychicus, bishop of Colophonia.
  54. Epaphroditus, bishop of Andriace.
  55. Cæsar, bishop of Dyrrachium.
  56. Mark, cousin to Barnabas, bishop of Apollonia.
  57. Justus, bishop of Eleutheropolis.
  58. Artemas, bishop of Lystra.
  59. Clement, bishop of Sardinia.
  60. Onesiphorus, bishop of Corone.
  61. Tychicus, bishop of Chalcedon.
  62. Carpus, bishop of Berytus in Thrace.
  63. Evodus, bishop of Antioch.
  64. Aristarchus, bishop of Apamea.
  65. Mark, who is also John, bishop of Bibloupolis.
  66. Zenas, bishop of Diospolis.
  67. Philemon, bishop of Gaza.
  68. Aristarchus.
  69. Pudes.
  70. Trophimus, who was martyred along with Paul.
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