Ancient Texts

The Epistles of Jesus Christ and Abgarus King of Edessa

Abgar V the Black (aka Abgarus of Edessa) is reported to be one of the first Christian kings in history, having been converted to the faith by Thaddeus of Edessa, one of the Seventy-two Disciples.  The church historian Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea records that the Edessan archives contained a copy…
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Ancient Texts

The Second Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians

The Second Epistle of Clement, or 2 Clement, was traditionally believed to have been epistle to the Christian Church in Corinth written by Clement of Rome sometime in the late 1st century.  However, 4th-century bishop Eusebius, in his historical work, says that there is one "extant an epistle of this…
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Ancient Texts

The Epistle of Mathetes (meaning "disciple") to Diognetus

The Epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus is an early writing defending Christianity from its accusers.  The writer is unknown but is believed to have been written between 130 and 250 AD.  The Epistle survived only in one manuscript which was destroyed by fire in 1870.  Fortunately, it had already been…
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Ancient Texts

Papias of Hierapolis – from the Exposition of the Sayings of the Lord

Papias was an Apostolic Father and Bishop of Hierapolis (Pamukkale, Turkey).  He wrote the Exposition of the Sayings of the Lord in five books.  Most of the work is lost apart from the following exerpts of Irenaeus of Lyons who penned them around 180 AD. Note: As with any apocryphal…
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Ancient Texts

The Shepherd of Hermas (The Third Part of the Book of Hermas called His Similitudes)

The Shepherd of Hermas was written around 150-250 AD in Rome .  In early Christianity, it was listed between the Acts of the Apostles and the Acts of Paul.  The book consists of five visions granted to Hermas, a former slave. This is followed by twelve mandates or commandments, and…
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