Ancient Texts

Berossus’ Babylonian History – Fragment 4 (278 BC)

    Fragment 4 of Berossus' Babylonian History, which was published in 278 BCE, in the translation by Verbrugghe and Wickersham (with some minor modifications).The text itself is lost, but was quoted by a Byzantine author named George Syncellus, who lived in the early ninth century. Syncellus, Chronological Excerpts 53-56…
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Ancient Texts

Epic of Gilgames – Tablet XI – non-biblical account of the Great Flood (1100 BC)

    The Epic of Gilgameš is one of the most famous texts from ancient Babylonia. It tells the story of a king who is trying to find immortality, and meets Ut-napištim, who has survived the Great Flood and has found what Gilgameš is looking for. In the following text,…
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Ancient Texts

The Epic of Atraḥasis – a non-biblical account of the Great Flood (1700 BC)

The Epic of Atraḥasis is the fullest Mesopotamian account of the Great Flood, with Atraḥasis in the role of Noah. It was written in the seventeenth century BCE. Translation Complaints of the Lower Gods When the gods were man they did forced labor, they bore drudgery. Great indeed was the…
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Ancient Texts

Account of Nebuchadnezzar II from Berossus (605 BC)

Berossus' own account (in Babylonian History) is lost, but it was summarized by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus in his Against Apion.  One such account is the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II (562 BC – 605 BC).   Berossus at length comes down to Nabopolassar, who was king of Babylon and…
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Ancient Texts

Berossus story of the creation of the world and mankind (Enuma eiis)

  Berossus' own account (Babylonian History) is lost, but it was summarized in an Armenian translation of the Chronicon by the Christian author Eusebius. Below is its description of the creation of the world and mankind based on the epic Enûma êliš, and includes the story of Oannes, who taught…
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History

Complete but concise summary of each book of the Bible (Old Testament and New Testament)

In the summary below, I present the official name of the biblical chapter with its common name in parenthesis.  The author of each book (where known) is included along with a brief summary of the biblical book's intent, content, and key characters.  Detailed outlines of each bible book may be…
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History

Complete (but concise) list of minor tribes (clans, descendants, or other groups of people) in the Bible

This list contains tribes or other groups of people named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections. A Ahumai - A clan within the Tribe of Judah. The name "Ahuman" appears only in one verse of the…
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Historical Sermons

Sunday is Coming – William (Bill) Shilady (historic sermon 2016)

Rev. Dr. William (Bill) Shilady is the Executive Director of the United Methodist City Society in New York City.  He has an undergraduate degree in Religion and Business Administration from Lebanon Valley College and a Master of Divinity degree from Duke Divinity School.  Previously he was the senior pastor at…
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Historical Sermons

The Six Sorrows of St. Paul – David James Burrell (historic sermon 1844-1926)

"If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern my infirmities."  - I Cor. 11-30 The Sanhedrin was the governing body of Israel. It embraced within itself legislative, executive and judicial functions. It made the laws and enforced them and it was the court of last…
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Historical Sermons

King Saul At the Witch’s Cave – David James Burrell (historic sermon 1844-1926)

"Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and inquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at En-dor." - I Samuel 28:7 It is said,…
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