Ancient Texts

Tertullian – Appendix to Ad Martyras (Tertullian’s address to martyrs)

The following writing dates from around 203 AD. It so closely relates to Tertullian's Ad Martyras, it grew to be known as the "appendix" to Ad Martyras. THE MARTYRDOM OF PERPETUA AND FELICITAS. PREFACE. IF ancient illustrations of faith which both testify to God's grace and tend to man's edification…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – Ad Martyras (An address to the Martyrs)

Tertullian's Ad Martyras may be Tertullian's earliest work.  It was written around 197 AD.  The writing is addressed to imprisoned Christians awaiting their execution. CHAP. I. BLESSED Martyrs Designate, - Along with the provision which our lady mother the Church from her bountiful breasts, and each brother out of his…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – Against the Valentinians

Adversus Valentinianos or Against the Valentinians is a famous refutation of Valentinianism by Tertullian.  Valentinianism was a gnostic movement founded by Valentinus (an early Roman gnostic theologian) around 200 AD.  It began as a Christian movement, morphed into something else entirely (possibly out of frustration when Valentinus failed his bid…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – Against Hermogenes

Hermogenes taught that matter is eternal and therefore equal to God.  In this writing, Tertullian, an early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa, disputes Hermogenes' ideas, particularly with regards to creation of mankind.  The granularity of Tertullian's argument makes it apparent that Hermogenes had published work…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – The Five Books against Marcion, Books IV-V

In The Five Books against Marcion, Tertullian, an early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa, disperses an exhaustive repudiation of Marcion's controversial beliefs.  Contrary to Christ's teachings, Marcion (Marcion of Sinope) discounted the Old Testament and parts of the New Testament to form his own brand…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – The Five Books against Marcion, Books I-III

In The Five Books against Marcion, Tertullian, an early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa, disperses an exhaustive repudiation of Marcion's controversial beliefs.  Contrary to Christ's teachings, Marcion (Marcion of Sinope) discounted the Old Testament and parts of the New Testament to form his own brand…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – Ad Nationes (books 1 and 2)

This is likely one of Tertullian's earlier works as it appears as if it has not been polished for publication.  This work was later reworked to produce the Apologeticum.  It consists of two books.  The first book discusses judicial procedures used during the persecution of Christians.  The second book discussed…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – To Scapula (ancient letter to)

This writing, which gives valuable clues to times and circumstances, was written around 215 AD.  It is addressed to Scapula (likely Scapula Tertullus), Proconsul of Africa, who had begun persecuting Christians.  Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus (Tertullian), an early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa, attempts to…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – On the Flesh of Christ (De Carne Christi)

In this work, written  around 200 years after the events, Tertullian defends Jesus as an actual person.  At the time, some argued that Jesus miraculous works were only possible because he was a "ghost" or phantom.  In particular, Tertullian calls out Marcion of Sinope by name and discounts Marcion's proposal…
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Ancient Texts

Tertullian – On the Resurrection of the Flesh

Tertullian, full name Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus, was an early Christian writer from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa.  He is the first known writer to use the term "trinity".  His conversion to Christianity is believed to have taken place around 197 AD. Note: As with any apocryphal writing,…
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